Raton is a city located in Colfax County, New Mexico. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 7,282. It is the county seat of Colfax County.
Raton is located at 36°53'49" North, 104°26'24" West (36.897082, -104.439912).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.0 km2 (7.3 mi2). 19.0 km2 (7.3 mi2) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 7,282 people, 3,035 households, and 1,981 families residing in the city. The population density is 383.1/km2 (992.4/mi2). There are 3,472 housing units at an average density of 182.6/km2 (473.2/mi2). The racial makeup of the city is 78.04% White, 0.23% African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 16.19% from other races, and 3.53% from two or more races. 56.96% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 3,035 households out of which 30.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% are married couples living together, 12.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% are non-families. 30.6% of all households are made up of individuals and 14.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.35 and the average family size is 2.92.
In the city the population is spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $27,028, and the median income for a family is $31,762. Males have a median income of $24,946 versus $18,433 for females. The per capita income for the city is $14,223. 17.4% of the population and 14.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.2% of those under the age of 18 and 10.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.